Unlike the first English translation in , this edition contains the text corresponding to Brentano’s original edition. First chapter of Brentano’s Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint, setting out the philosophical basis of his work. BRENTANO’S PSYCHOLOGY FROM AN EMPIRICAL STANDPOINT: ITS Abstract. While Brentano’s most important philosophical writings were most certainly.

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Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint

And the same thing is true of Aristotle. The phenomena of inner perception are a different matter. Ort is it not obviously the task of the psychologist to ascertain the basic elements of mental phenomena?

Psychology From an Empirical Standpoint. Some philosophers have even identified the self with a collection of mental phenomena, others with the substantial bearer of such a collection of phenomena. This page was last edited on 23 Octoberstandpoinh After the introduction of the notion of intentionality in his Psychology from an Empirical StandpointBrentano struggled to account for the ontological status of the intentional object. Who could deny, then, that this constitutes a great advantage of psychology over the natural sciences?

Toggle navigation Additional Book Information. A charismatic teacher, Brentano exerted a strong influence on the work of Edmund Husserl, Alexius Meinong, Christian von Ehrenfels, Kasimir Twardowski, Carl Stumpf, and Anton Marty, among others, and thereby played a central role in the philosophical development of central Europe in the early twentieth century.

Psychklogy some time his influence was eclipsed by the work of his students, some of who founded philosophical traditions on their own: Sign in to use this feature. Consequently, the adoption of the modern conception simplifies our work. Roderick Chisholm, for example, made a continuous effort to show Brentano’s significance to contemporary philosophy by adopting his results in his own contributions to the philosophy of mind, but also in presentations of various aspects of Brentano’s thought cf.

Nicholas Shea – – Philosophy Compass 8 5: But this is as far as we can go.


The progress of the sciences which stand higher in the scale 9 naturally presupposes that of the lower ones. We could mention several great scientists who are devoting themselves, with this end in view, to the investigation of psychological laws and to methodological inquiries concerning the derivation and confirmation of conclusions to be applied in practice.

The high theoretical value of psychological knowledge is obvious in still another respect. So, should this person turn his attention to the history of psychology, he would merely find in its barrenness confirmation of his expectations; and he would find himself in no way committed to an unfavourable judgement as to its future accomplishments.

Franz Brentano (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

For several years he tried in vain to get his position back. They do nothing to refute the correctness of the boundary line we have established; they only show that, justified as it is, this distinction, like every other distinction between sciences, is somewhat artificial.

Add to Wish List. The second consists in trying to discover the relations which these smallest noticeable differences bear to one another. According to Brentano, the former of these two forms of perception provides an unmistakable evidence for what is true.

Franz Brentano

Life and Work 2. This is how it is actually viewed at present by many famous natural scientists who have formed opinions about philosophical questions, thanks to the noteworthy trend which is now bringing philosophy and the natural sciences closer together. Consequently, if someone knew from direct experience absolutely nothing about the state of psychology up to the present time, and were acquainted only with the history of the other theoretical sciences and with the recent birth of physiology and indeed even chemistry, he could affirm, without in any way being a sceptic about psychological matters, that psychology has achieved nothing as yet, or that it has achieved very little, and that at best it is only recently that it has shown a tendency toward a more substantial development.

One of Brentano’s main principles was that philosophy should be done with methods that are as rigorous and exact as the methods of the natural sciences. When in Brentano and Ida von Lieben decided to wed, they had to confront the fact that the prevailing law in the Austro-Hungarian Empire denied matrimony to persons who had been ordained priests — even if they later had resigned from priesthood.


In particular, it has been suggested that Brentano’s notion of secondary consciousness i. The philosopher Barry Smith writes that Brentano’s thesis about intentionality has “proved to be one of the most influential in all of contemporary philosophy. In addition, there is yet another rich area for investigation, one in which psychological and physiological research become more closely involved with one another than elsewhere.

Likewise, with reference to movements that have mental causes, the physiologist must establish within his own field their ultimate and proximate effects. According to Meinong, even non-existent objects are in some sense real. In this way Brentano can explain how we can perceive temporally extended objects and events.

Alas, due to the political turbulences that were to came over central Europe the project was doomed to fail. It is a different matter if we compare the goals which each of the two sciences pursue. The Cambridge Companion to Freud. Yet the psychophysicist, too, will have to investigate the first physical effects of mental causes. Even before physiology was systematically applied to medicine, there was no lack of famous physicians, as shown by the great confidence they won and by the astonishing cures attributed to them.

Brentano’s Metaphysics Even though Brentano worked on problems in metaphysics and ontology throughout his life, he hardly published on these topics during his lifetime. For a more detailed discussion of Brentano’s contributions to logic, cf.