Platon Sanati Neden İdeal Devlet Açisindan Yorumlamiştir?Why Did Platon Interpret The Art In Terms Of Ideal Government?Ecevit Karaca – – Ethos. The Reflection of Aesthetics and Art Philosophy Thought in Ibn Miskawayh – İbn Miskeveyh’de Estetiğin Tez’n Turan – İbn Miskeveyh is the author of Tehzıbu’l-Ahlak-Ahlak Eğitimi ( avg rating, 1 rating, 0 reviews).
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As a Neoplatonisthis influence on Islamic philosophy is primarily in the area of ethics.
Faculty of Islamic Sciences
He separated personal ethics from the public realm, and contrasted the liberating nature of reason with the deception and temptation of nature. Miskawayh was a prominent figure in the intellectual and cultural life of his time.
Miskawayh was born in Rey, then under Ziyarid control. Miskawayh may have been a Zoroastrian convert to Islambut it seems more likely that it was one of his ancestors who converted. He was fluent enough in Middle Persian to have translated some pre-Islamic texts in that language into Arabic.
Ina group mixkeveyh ghazi marched towards the Library of Rey but Miskawayh managed to save it. He later worked as a secretary and librarian for a sequence of viziers, including ‘Adud al-Dawla. Some contemporary sources associated him with the Brethren of Purityclaiming that some of his writings were used in the msikeveyh of the Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity. Ibn Miskawayh was one of the first to clearly describe a version of the idea of evolution. Matter, therefore, adopted the form of vapour which assumed the shape of water in due time.
The next stage of development was mineral life.
Department of Islamic Philosophy
Different kinds of stones developed in moskeveyh of time. Their highest form being mirjan coral. It is a stone which has in it branches like those of a tree. After mineral life evolves vegetation.
Academics in İBn Miskeveyh –
The evolution of vegetation culminates with a tree which bears the qualities of an animal. This is the date-palm. It has male and female genders. It does not wither if all its branches are chopped but it dies when the head is cut off.
The date-palm is therefore considered the highest among the trees and resembles the lowest among animals. Then is misksveyh the lowest of animals.
It evolves into an ape. This is not the statement of Darwin.
This is what Ibn Miskawayh states and this is precisely what is written in the Epistles of Ikhwan al-Safa. The Muslim thinkers state that ape then evolved into a lower kind of a barbarian man. He then became a superior human being.
Man becomes a saint, a prophet. He evolves into a higher stage and becomes an angel. The one higher to angels is indeed none but God. Everything begins from Him and everything returns to Him.
As a Buyid bureaucrat, he worked under the vizier al-Muhallabi and had access to the internal happenings of the court. The chronicle is a universal history from the beginning of Islam, but it cuts off near the end of the reign of ‘Adud al-Dawla. The book is meant to provide students of philosophy and ethics an exposition of the main elements of philosophy. From Wikipedia, moskeveyh free encyclopedia.
Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. Retrieved 19 August The Encyclopaedia of Islam. An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines. Historical Dictionary of Islam. Philosophers by century CE. Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam. Harbi al-Himyari Ja’far al-Sadiq.